UP BOARD CLASS 10 ENGLISH POETRY CHAPTER 3 THE PERFECT LIFE SUMMARY AND CENTRAL IDEA

UP BOARD CLASS 10 ENGLISH POETRY CHAPTER 3 THE PERFECT LIFE SUMMARY AND CENTRAL IDEA


(In English)

In the poem “The Perfect Life’, the poet Ben Johnson tells us what perfect life is! A man does not become a better person by growing in bulky size or by living a long life. Life, which is short but filled with beauty, is far better the one which is long but uneventful.
The poet gives a very fine comparison between an oak tree and a lily flowers. An oak tree stands for three hundred years. A lily flower blooms for a day. The life of an oak is long but uneventful. A lily’s life is short but filled with beauty. In this way the life which is short but full of beauty is far better than the life which is long but uneventful.


(In Hindi)

‘The Perfect Life’ कविता में कवि बेन जोन्सन हमें बताते हैं कि पूर्ण जीवन क्या होता है। एक व्यक्ति (बैल की तरह) आकार में बढ़कर या लंबा जीवन व्यतीत करके अच्छा व्यक्ति नहीं बनता। जो जीवन छोटा लेकिन सुंदरता से भरा हुआ है वह लंबे लेकिन अप्रभावशाली जीवन से कहीं अधिक अच्छा है।
कवि शाहबलूत के वृक्ष तथा लिली के फूल की बहुत अच्छी तुलना प्रस्तुत करता है। एक शाहबलूत का वृक्ष तीन सौ वर्ष तक खड़ा रहता है। लिली का फूल एक दिन के लिए ही खिलता है। शाहबलूत का जीवन लंबा किंतु अप्रभावशाली होता है। लिली का जीवन छोटा किंतु सौंदर्यपूर्ण होता है। इस प्रकार जो जीवन छोटा किंतु सुंदरता से भरा है वह लंबे लेकिन अप्रभावशाली जीवन से कहीं अधिक अच्छा है।


Central Idea of the Poem ‘The Perfect Life


The poet says that a short life of usefulness is far better and more useful than a long but worthless life. Greatness can be achieved in a short life that of lily flower. On the other hand, an oak lives for three hundred years but in the end it falls down bold and sere. Although lily flower’s life is short but it leaves a permanent effect on everybody.


(कवि कहता है कि लाभदायक छोटा जीवन एक लंबे परंतु व्यर्थ जीवन से कहीं ज्यादा अधिक उपयोगी है। लिली के फूल के छोटे से जीवन से महानता प्राप्त की जा सकती है। इसके विपरित, शाहबलूत का पेड़ तीन सौ वर्ष तक जीवित रह सकता है लेकिन अंत में मुरझाकर और पत्तियों से विहिन होकर गिर जाता है। यद्यपि लिली के फूल का जीवन छोटा होता है लेकिन यह प्रत्येक व्यक्ति पर एक स्थायी प्रभाव छोड़ता है।)

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