Up board solutions for class 11 english poetry chapter 5 O Captain! My Captain!
Explain the following stanzas with reference to the context:
(i) O Captain! ……… …………… daring.
Reference to the context: These lines have been taken from the poem ‘O Captain! My Captain!’ composed by Walt Whitman. The poet describes the great joy after success and victory in the Civil War of America. The Southern states, who fought against the abolition of slavery, were defeated.
Explanation: The poet calls the President Abraham Lincoln, the captain of the ship. The difficult voyage is over. They have won the war and achieved their object. Their ship has passed every obstacle. The government has solved every difficulty. They have achieved their aim. Slavery has been abolished. Peace has been achieved. The bells are ringing in the church. They are celebrating the victory. There is great rejoicing. The government has proved to be firm and courageous. The people are looking with admiration at the government.
2- But O heart! ….. ……………. and dead.
Reference to the context: These lines have been taken from the poem ‘O Captain! My Captain!’ composed by Walt Whitman. The poet expresses grief over the death of Abraham Lincoln, who has steered the ship of America as a captain through rough waters of the Civil War successfully and gained victory for his people. But how sad that he is assassinated soon after victory!
Explanation: The scene changes. The President has been assassinated. The poet looks at him. He cries in sorrow. There are drops of blood. The Captain is lying on the floor of the ship. The President is lying dead on his post of duty. His body is cold and lifeless. He is dead.
(iii) O Captain! …………………. turning.
Reference to the context: These lines have been taken from the poem ‘O Captain! My Captain!’ composed by Walt Whitman. Here the poet describes the great welcome that is waiting for the President. He requests the President to rise up and see all these things. The people are impatient to welcome him.
Explanation: The poet tries to awaken the dead President. He tells him what he sees. The Church bells are ringing. The flag has been unfurled. The bugle is sounding. All these things have been done to welcome him and honour him. There is a very large crowd of people. They have brought bunches and garlands of flowers. They wish to present these things to the President. The poet calls upon the President to get up and see all these things. The crowd is very eager to see him. In impatience the whole crowd moves this way and that. They are eagerly looking for him in all directions. They are calling for him.
(iv) Here, ……………………………………. dead.
Up board solutions for class 11 english poetry chapter 2 The Scholar
Reference to the context: These lines have been taken from the poem ‘O Captain! My Captain!’ composed by Walt Whitman. The poet believes that the President is alive and tries to support him up. He does not admit that he is really dead. Up board solutions for class 11 english poetry chapter 3 Education of Nature
Explanation: The poet requests the President to get up and see all things. Now he helps him to get up. He puts his own hand under the head of the President. He tries to support him up. He says that the President is not dead. It is only a dream that he has died. It is not a true fact. The President is not dead and should get up.
(v) My Captain ………………………. Won.
Reference to the context: These lines have been taken from the poem ‘O Captain! My Captain!’ composed by Walt Whitman. The poet at last finds that the President is dead in the hour of victory. He has no signs of life in his body.
Explanation: The poet placed his hand under the President’s head. The President did not move. So the poet admits that he is dead. There is no reply from the President. His lips are white and bloodless. They do not move. There is no sign of life in him. There is no response to the poet’s hand. The President’s pulse is not beating. He does not show any desire to act. The ship is lying at anchor. The government has no danger. It has achieved success. It undertook a dangerous task. That work has been completed.
(iv) Exult……………………………..………… dead.
Reference to the context: These lines have been taken from the poem ‘O Captain! My Captain!’ composed by Walt Whitman. The poet is now certain that the President is dead. He will mourn for him while the people are celebrating the victory with joy.
Explanation: The poet allows everybody to rejoice. Let them be happy. Let them ring the bell of the church with joy. But he will not rejoice. He will walk about on the deck, full of sorrow and lamentation. His captain is lying dead and lifeless. He will live in the country. But he will not rejoice at the victory. He will lament for the President.
2- Write the central idea of the poem ‘O Captain! My Captain,
Ans: The central idea of the poem ‘O Captain! My Captain!’ composed by Walt Whitman is the mixture of grief with joy at assassination of President Abraham Lincoln after his victory and achievement. The poet shows the great joy at the victory. Everyone is full of love and respect for the President. They want to celebrate the victory. They want to honour him. But he lies dead. He has died during his duty. Let people rejoice. But poet will mourn for the President.
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